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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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misingly for tlie freedom and Integrity of her territory, and social justice
in the life of the nati3ns: for the noble principles of the Atlantic Charter,
and all that the finer part of the world is righting for to-day."

In one of his telegrams, Lieutenant John Ward of the R.A.F., who
fought as an officer in the Polish Home Army in Warsaw, reported that,
" the people who had taken shelter in the cellars were either lolled or
hopelessly trapped under the debris ... 1 heard sounds of knocking . . ,
It was impossible however to do anything to help. Hundreds of tons of
loose bricks lay over the entrance and the district was under heaw enemy

la these words was a vision of Warsaw and of Poland, trapped in the rains
of Europe, under the debris of the Great Alliance and its Atlantic Charter
and guarantees.

There are people who think that the modification of the frontiers of a
State is nothing more than moving a line a few millimetres on a map.
Whereas in truth it is a question of the most fundamental importance to
millions of people. I ask those of our British friends who advise us} with the
best of intentions, to give up to Soviet Russia our eastern territories^ to put
themselves the question whether it is right and just to condemn millions
of people, who in Poland had their private property protected by the State,
freedom of speech, of association, and of political opinion^ and the assurance
of a religious education for their children at school, to the loss of all these
rights by handing them over to a totalitarian State which does not recognise
the right to hold private property, in which all political parties except the
Communist, are prohibited, where a man may be sent without trial (as I
was) by a mere administrative order 5 to eight years* compulsory labour camp,
and where atheism is taught in the schools.
(Grabski, S., The Polish-Russian Frontier, London, 1943, p. 36).
Throughout the years of war, turbulent Poland proved to be tie most
difficult spot in German-occupied Europe. Himmler, the Gestapo chief
responsible for holding the countries from the Atlantic to Russia under
an iron heel, blamed his representatives in Poland, but, listening to the
reports during his last visit to Warsaw in the summer of 1944, ke is quoted
to have exclaimed : " Yes, there is only one way to deal with these people,
that is to expel them from the city."
It appears that, by the end of July, 1944, the Germans had partially
undertaken this task, and, on the first day of August, they were made to
realise how right Himmler had been, for on that day the citizens of
Warsaw transformed themselves into soldiers of the Home Army. The
struggle of those people of Warsaw, so poorly equipped with weapons
against the powerfully-armed Germans, waged before the eyes of the
mightily-armed and umnoved Russian Red Army of * Liberation 3 had